Dental Implant Treatments

Single Missing Tooth

A tooth is missing. An implant saves the adjacent teeth from being prepared. The implant crown will be similar in appearance to the natural tooth. Esthetics is most important in the front of the mouth.
An implant solution can restore the original look. The gumline is also reconstructed. The adjacent teeth are not damaged – they are not subjected to grinding in preparation for a bridge or loading by retainer clasps. With posterior teeth, the implant bears the occlusal forces of the original missing teeth, thus reducing force on adjacent teeth, improving their prognosis.

A free end solution

In situations where bridges are not an option, and the patient rejects a denture, fixed implant bridges would be ideal. Two implants would replace a span of three teeth, or three implants to replace four missing teeth.

Edentulous

6-10 implants would provide sufficient force distrubution to replace all the functional teeth. This would provide the patient ideal aesthetics, function and speech.

Dental Implants to support a loose denture

In the lower jaw, 2-4 implants can be placed to support a loose lower denture due to poor dentoalveolar and mucosal support. The patients own denture can be relined, or a new denture can be constructed. In the upper jaw, 4-6 implants are necessary again either relining the existing denture, or constructed a new. This holds the advantage of a substantial reduced costs of a fixed restoration.

Bone Grafting

If there are deficiencies in bone height or width, donor bone is obtained from either the Ramus or the Symphisis depending on the nature of the defect. 3 months are allowed for new bone to form, and an implant would be placed in the grafted bone. Integration would be at 6 months, after which is fixed restoration would be placed.

Sinus Grafting

Pneumatisation of the sinus floor occurs with age and after tooth loss, which makes the placement of implants in the upper jaw difficult. A lateral window approach is employed, the sinus floor elevated, and biomaterial placed in the void. Bone growth will occur at 6-9 months, after which an implant will be placed.

Sinus Lifting

In certain situations, the sinus membrane can be successfully lifted up to 4mms without the need of the lateral window approach. Osteotomes are used to raise the lining of the sinus whilst preparing the implant bed. The implant is then placed immediately after lifting.

Ridge Expansion

In many instances, the width defect of the upper ridge may not require bone grafting. In an un-fused cortical plated alveolus, the ridge is separated by fine ostetomes and an implant placed in the void.